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About Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country in Central Europe. Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Bielarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total Area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 69th largest country in the world and 9th in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38 million people, which makes it the 33rd most populous country in the world.
 
The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966, when the state covered territory similar to that of present-day Poland. Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by uniting to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth collapsed in 1795, and its territory was partitioned among Prussia, Russia, and Austria.
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Economy

Basic data
Territory: 312,685 km2
Population: 38.23m (2002 National Census)
Population growth: -0.06% (average, 2002-2006)
Land boundaries: Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine
Main Towns: Warsaw (capital), Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Katowice, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin
Language: Polish
Measures: Metric system
Time: 1 hour ahead of GMT
Currency: Zloty (PLN)
Religions: Roman Catholic (95%), Eastern Orthodox, Protestant and other (5%);
Government ENGINE: Parliamentary democracy
President: Bronislaw Komorowski
Prime Minister: Donald Tusk
EU entry date: 1st May 2004
Public holidays: 1st January (New Year's Day); Easter Monday; 1st May (Labour Day); 3rd May (Polish National Day, Proclamation of 1791 Constitution); Corpus Christi; Assumption; 1st November (All Saints' Day); 11th November (Independence Day); 25th-26th December (Christmas) 
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Tourism

Dynamic growth of tourism market in Poland
2006 was characterised by dynamic growth in most sectors of the tourism industry in Poland. This positive trend resulted to a large extent from a second consecutive year of strong growth in the Polish economy. The diversified tourist offer and improving infrastructure encouraged both incoming and domestic tourists to spend their holiday in this country. Poland is awakening the interest of tourists by raising interest in larger cities such as Krakow, Warsaw or Wroclaw and its interesting natural features, including the Baltic Sea, Masuria Lakes and Tatra Mountains.
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About Denmark

Denmark lies between 54° and 58° of latitude north and 8° and 15° of longitude east. In addition to Denmark itself, the kingdom also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and c. 407 islands, of which c. 79 are inhabited (2007). Of these, the largest and most densely populated are Zealand on which the capital of Copenhagen is situated, Funen and the north Jutland island.
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Economy

In many respects, the Danish economy is world-class. For three years running, the Economist Intelligence Unit has nominated Denmark as having the world’s best economic climate for foreign investors, and Denmark is also among the highest placed countries in several other international comparison tables.

Since 1982, Denmark has pursued a consistent, stability-oriented, macro-economic policy, which among other things has resulted in Denmark today being the EU country with the largest budget surplus of approx. 3.5% of GDP. In addition, unemployment is below 3%. Denmark also has one of the best-developed infrastructures in the world, a very high general level of education and a very competent workforce.
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Tourism

If you are thinking about going to Denmark go straight to the web site www.visitdenmark.com

Visitdenmark.com is Denmark's huge official web site for tourists and visitors. There you can find all kinds of detailed, personal and inspiring information about most aspects of Denmark whether the purpose of your stay is a holiday, a business trip, a meeting/conference or perhaps all three combined.
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About Finland

Total area:
  • 338,000 square kilometres, of which 10% is water and 69% forest;
  • 187,888 lakes, 5,100 rapids and 179,584 islands;
  • Europe's largest archipelago, including the semi-autonomous province of Åland
Distances:
1,160 km north to south, 540 km west to east
Finland's land border with Russia (1,269 km) is the eastern border of the European Union.
Climate:
The climate of Finland is marked by cold winters and fairly warm summers. In the far north of the country the sun does not set for about 73 days, producing the white nights of summer. In winter the sun remains below the horizon for 51 days in the far north.
In summer the temperature quite often rises to +20 Celsius or more and occasionally goes close to +30 in southern and eastern parts of the country. In winter, temperatures of -20 Celsius are not uncommon in many areas. Finnish Lapland invariably has the lowest winter temperatures. The mean temperature in Helsinki in July is +17 Celsius and in February -5.7 Celsius.
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Economy

Finland has a highly industrialized, free-market economy with a  per capita output equal to that of other western economies such as France, Germanz, Sweden or the UK. The largest sector of the economy is services at 65.7 percent, followed by manufacturing and refining at 31.4 percent. Primarz production is at 2.9 percent. With respect to foreign trade, the key economic sector is manufacturing. The largest industries are electronics (21.6 percent), machinery, vehicles and other engineered metal products (21.1 percent), forest industry (13.1 percent), and chemicals (10.9 percent). Finland has timber and several mineral and freshwater resources. Forestrz, paper factories, and the agricultural sector (on which taxpayers spend around 2 billion euro annually) are politically sensitive to rural residents. The Greater Helsinki area generates around a third of GDP. In a 2004 OECD comparison, high-technology manufacturing in Finland ranked second largest after Ireland. Knowledge-intensive services have also ranked the smallest and slow-growth sectors – especially agriculture and low-technology manufacturing – second largest after Ireland. Investment was below expected.
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Tourism

Where to change your money, where to buy your maps, when the shops are open (and closed), how much you should expect to pay for a taxi, restaurant opening times, what clothes to wear at different times of the year: a wealth of practical information for day-to-day survival in Finland.
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About Iceland

Iceland is an island of 103.000 km2 (39,756 sq.miles), about one-third larger than Scotland or Ireland. Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.119 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe. 

Energy
Situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is a hot spot of volcanic and geothermal activity: 30 post-glacial volcanoes have erupted in the past two centuries, and natural hot water supplies much of the population with cheap, pollution-free heating.  Rivers, too, are harnessed to provide inexpensive hydroelectric power.
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Economy

Iceland's Scandinavian-ENGINE economy is basically capitalistic, yet with an extensive welfare system, low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. The economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 75% of export earnings and employs 12% of the work force. In the absence of other natural resources—except energy—Iceland's economy is vulnerable to changing world fish prices. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to drops in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. The center-right government plans to continue its policies of reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries.
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Tourism

Iceland is a refreshingly unconventional destination. The Icelandic nature is unspoilt, exotic and mystical with its spouting geysers, active volcanoes, tumbling waterfalls, towering mountains, vast lava plains and magical lakes. Iceland Guest is an information website for your travel to this exotic destination. We hope that you will find this online travel guide useful in planning your vacation in Iceland and that you enjoy an unforgettable travel experience in the country of fire and Ice.
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About Norway

Status Kingdom
Area 323 878 sq km (125 050 sq miles)
Population 4 423 300
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Economy

Although sensitive to global business cycles , the economy of Norway has shown robust growth since the start of the industrial era. Shipping has long been a support of Norway's export sector, but much of Norway's economic growth has been fueled by an abundance of atural ressources, including petroleum exploration and production, hydroelectric power, and fisheries.
 
Agriculture and traditional heavy manufacturing have suffered relative decline compared to services and oil-related industries, and the public sector is among the largest in the world as a percentage of the overall gross domestic product. The country have a very high standard of licingcompared with other European countries, and an excellently integrated welfare system.  
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Tourism

 
 
Nature attractions
There are mountains plunging into the sea from hundreds of metres, fjords, tall mountain peaks, northern lights and midnight sun.
 
The mountainous regions abound with broad plateaus and magnificent peaks. The fjords that were formed when the glaciers receded are unique in the world.

Vast forested areas are found in Eastern Norway and in Trøndelag, whereas long beaches stretch along the southern and northernmost coasts.

Norway is a country of endless rivers and powerful waterfalls which have contributed to making the country known abroad.

Twenty-one national parks provide nature lovers the opportunity to enjoy untouched nature. Norway's glaciers stretch out their white caps across mountain tops, especially towards the west and northern areas of the country.

For the lover of animal wildlife, there are of course different ENGINEs of photo safaris, including moose safaris, musk ox, whale, beaver, and eagle safaris. As to Norway's rich birdlife this makes the country a good place for birdwatching.

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About Sweden

Area: 450,000 km² (174,000 sq. mi.), third largest country in Western Europe
Longest north-south distance: 1,574 km (978 mi.)
Longest east-west distance: 499 km (310 mi.)
Forests: 53 %
Cultivated land: 8 %
Mountains: 11 % (Highest mountain: Kebnekaise, 2,111 metres)
Lakes and rivers: 9 % (Nearly 100,000 lakes, biggest lake: Vänern, 5,585 km2; Longest river: Klarälven-Göta älv, 720 km)
Population: 9 million inhabitants
Capital: Stockholm
Average life expectancy: men 78 years, women 82 years.
Languages: Swedish; recognized minority languages: Sami, Finnish, Meänkieli (Tornedalen Finnish), Yiddish, Romani Chib.
Religion: 80 % belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Sweden.
Form of government: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy.
Parliament: The Riksdag, with 349 members in one chamber.
Head of State: King Carl XVI Gustaf, since 1973
National day: 6 June
Nationality code: SE
Most important export goods: Electrical and telecom equipment, machinery, passenger cars, paper, pharmaceuticals, iron and steel.
Most important imported goods: Electrical and telecom equipment, machinery, foodstuffs, crude oil, textile products, footwear, passenger cars.

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Economy

The economy of Sweden is modern and highly industrialised. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Main industries include motor vehicles, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals and forestry.
Aided by peace and neutrality for the whole of the 20th century, Sweden has achieved an excellent standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. The country is known for its high taxes and large public sector. Sweden has the second highest total tax revenue behind Denmark, as a share of the country's income. As of 2007, total tax revenue was 47.8% of GDP, down from 49.1% 2006.
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Tourism

Sweden and the Swedish tourism industry have a well-developed infrastructure that compares favourably with the international arena. Sweden has a very well developed highway system and an excellent network of rail, ferry and air transportation. The country also has a tourism profile that is well suited to the demands of travellers from any country. Sweden is a sparsely populated welfare society where everything functions smoothly. Its large areas of untouched land, from the environmental point of view, are free for visitors to roam in.
Both Sweden's nature and culture are considered exotic by many foreign visitors. Sweden is also a safe country to visit, free from political unrest and natural disasters.
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Apartments
About our work
NordicHouse in Krakow is a consulting company, which was created with the purpose of initiating and developing the interregional cooperation between the Nordic countries and the Southern Poland through promotion of contacts for business, tourism and culture.
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